Drug habit and effects to mental health

Drug habit and effects to mental health

The problem of drug addiction has become one of the most serious social problems, and it has a strong impact on the progress of any society in terms of quantity and quality, and these problems exhaust most of the energies and capabilities of the individual and society.
The phenomenon of drug abuse is no longer confined to a specific segment of society that is characterized by a certain age and a limited cultural, social, and economic level.
Also, drug abuse and addiction (especially among young people) is considered the major obstacle to development and construction efforts, because of the social diseases, behavioral deviations, health and political problems it produces, and its dangers do not stop at the borders of a specific country or country, but rather include all countries.
Addiction is also one of the epidemiological phenomena that threaten the entity of the individual and society, and it is a satisfactory phenomenon capable of degrading the pillars of an entire nation if it spreads in it, because it is the fastest spreading among young people (today’s kit and tomorrow’s future), and thus it poses a significant danger to the most important source of development, which is Human development, a multi-effect epidemiological phenomenon.

1. Drug effects  :

First: the health effects of drugs:

The health effects of drug abuse can be summarized in the following:
- Loss of appetite, which leads to thinness and weakness, accompanied by yellowing of the face, lack of vitality and activity, dizziness and chronic headaches, and imbalance and neuromuscular synergy.
- Functional disorder in the senses of hearing and sight.
- Local irritation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi.
- Digestive disorder.
- Damage to the liver.
- Negative effect on sexual activity.
- Getting cancer.
- General sensory perception disorder.
- An imbalance.
- Disorder of conscience.
- Excessive nervousness, extreme sensitivity, and emotional stress.

Second: Psychological effects of drugs:

We summarize here some of the psychological effects of drug addiction in the following matters:
- Hallucinations and delirium disorders.
- Despair and extreme sadness.
- Difficulty thinking.
- Depression in the vital and motor forces, and a decline in functional activity.
- lack of sleep.
- Fear.
- dark thoughts and severe depression.
- Irritability and withdrawal from society.
- schizotypal personality disorder.
- Excessive emotion.

2. Reasons for drug abuse :

There are many reasons and factors that lead to the spread of drug use, including:

Family and socialization processes:

The family atmosphere filled with turmoil leads to many problems, just as families that lose affection, love and lack of cohesion between their members lead their children to the highest levels of deviation and deviant behavior.
The person coming from these families is characterized by extreme aggressiveness, indifference, lack of respect for the feelings of others, and practicing various types of behavior that are harmful to himself, his family, and his community, which is drug abuse.

Frequent family problems:

If the relationship between fathers and children is dominated by laxity or disintegration, then the probability of the children’s addiction to drug increases. and assertiveness), the chances that children will be willing to use drugs will be small.

Bad friends :

Bad friends are considered one of the main reasons for the spread of the phenomenon of drug abuse, as the mate has a strong influence on what makes his mate an imitator of him.
Whoever associates with drug abusers becomes an abuser, and so if one enters the councils of addicts, he will inevitably find himself addicted. Individuals who mix with young people in school in spare time or after making friends have a strong influence, to encourage him to imitate them, and it has been proven that most of the youth who abuse drugs have obtained In the beginning, it is from individuals and bad partners. The group of friends is considered the source that provides young people with information about drugs, its effects and how to obtain it. They often imitate a person from the group who has experience in drug use, and this person has an influence on the members of the group.

spare time :

Free time plays an important role, as one of the reasons for drug abuse and its spread, where people waste their time in trivial things that do not benefit from it, and therefore leisure time is considered the right place for the growth and emergence of deviation and decay within society.

working conditions :

Working conditions directly or indirectly affect the slip into the abyss of addiction. The physical inability to tolerate work may lead to addiction to stimulants and stimulants, and mental abilities may affect the lack of comprehension of the work assigned to the worker, and one of the results of that feeling of failure is the practice of aggressive behavior. 
Just as the type of work may not be suitable for the worker’s physical, mental, or psychological abilities, and the quality of work may be greater than their ability and they have no energy, and it may be much less than their capabilities and they do not acquire any skills from it, so they feel the insignificance of what they do of work, just as The treatment of supervisors at work, which is characterized by extreme cruelty.
All of this may lead to addiction, as addiction is the fastest learned response that has been strengthened and succeeded in reducing stress and anxiety, and just as the work community that means the profession or craft in which a person works and through which professional compatibility is achieved, every failure in this compatibility results in serious disturbances For human psychology and social conditions As for success in work, there is no doubt that it eliminates one of the most important factors of addiction.